T15Download T15 Spec sheet
WM T-15 powder metallurgy high-speed steel is cobalt-bearing super high-speed steel which can be heat treated to a hardness as high as 67 RC. A high volume of hard vanadium carbides provides very high wear resistance. The cobalt content provides excellent resistance to softening at high service temperatures (red or hot hardness). These properties translate into extended retention of hard, sharp cutting edges on tools produced from WM T-15. Because of the powder metal manufacturing, it is far easier to grind and exhibits impact toughness that is more than double that of tradition, ingot-cast T15 high-speed steel.
Density – 0.296 lb/in3
Specific gravity – 8.19
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
|70 – 200°F||5.90 x 10-6 in/in/°F|
|70 – 400°F||5.90|
|70 – 800°F||6.40|
|70 – 1200°F||6.74|
|70 – 1500°F||6.92|
A second preheat at 1850-1900°F is recommended for vacuum hardening
AUSTENITIZING (high heat)
Salt Bath: 2150-2250°F
The use of lower austenitizing temperature will maximize impact toughness. The use of a higher austenitizing temperature will maximize hot hardness and wear resistance.
For oil, quench until black, about 900°F, then cool in still air to 150-125°F.
For salt maintained at 1000-1100°F, equalize in the salt, then cool in still air to 150-125°F.
The typical tempering range is 1000-1100°F. Do not temper below 1000°F. Hold at temperature for 2 hours then air cool to ambient temperature. Triple tempering is required.
Heat at a rate not exceeding 400°F per hour to 1575-1600°F, and hold at temperature for 1 hour per inch of maximum thickness; 2 hours minimum. Then cool slowly with the furnace at a rate not exceeding 30°F per hour to 1000°F. Continue cooling to ambient temperature in the furnace or in air. The resultant hardness should be approximately 277 HBW.